ChaBaD Tuesday, February 5, 2019 30 Shevat, 5779

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Rosh Chodesh Adar I

Jewish History
Tosfot Yomtov Appointed Rabbi of Krakow (1644)

The 30th of Shevat is celebrated by the descendents of Rabbi Yomtov Lipman Heller (1579-1654) as a day of thanksgiving, for his liberation and restoration after his imprisonment in Vienna in 1629.

Rabbi Yomtov Lipman was one of the important rabbinical figures of the early 17th century. Known as the "Tosfos Yomtov" after his commentary on the Mishnah by that name, he also authored important commentaries on the Rosh and other rabbinical works. A disciple of the famed Maharal of Prague, Rabbi Yomtov Lipman was appointed, at the tender age of 18, to serve as a dayan(rabbinical judge) in in that city. He subsequently filled a number of prestigious rabbinical positions, including rabbi of Nikolsburg and of Vienna. In 1627 he was recalled to Prague to serve as the city's chief rabbi.

That position earned him powerful enemies when he refused to follow the dictates of Prague's rich and influential citizens and strove to relieve the burden imposed on the poor by the suffocating "crown taxes" imposed on the Jews. His enemies informed on him to the government, falsely accusing him of treason. In 1629, Rabbi Yomtov Lipman was arrested, tried and sentenced to death. The Jewish communities of Bohemia succeeded in having the sentence commuted and reduced to a heavy fine, and raised the funds for the payment of the first installment that secured his release. However, his enemies obtained an imperial decision that he could not officiate as rabbi in any town of the empire, leaving him homeless and destitute. It took many years for him to pay off the balance of the fine and be restored to his former position. It was only in the winter of 1644, when he settled in Krakow after being appointed chief rabbi of the city, that he felt that that he could celebrate his release and restoration.

Shevat 30th (the 1st day of Rosh Chodesh Adar)--the day that Rabbi Yomtov Lipman assumed the rabbinate of Krakow--was celebrated by him and his family as a day of thanksgiving to G-d. Rabbi Yomtov Lipman asked that future generations continue to mark the date, and the custom is upheld by his descendants to this day.

The Tosfot Yomtov


Laws and Customs
Rosh Chodesh Observances

Today is the first of the two Rosh Chodesh ("Head of the Month") days for the month of Adar I (this year being a leap year there are two months called "Adar" -- Adar I and Adar II).

Special portions are added to the daily prayers: Hallel (Psalms 113-118) is recited -- in its "partial" form -- following the Shacharit morning prayer, and the Yaaleh V'yavo prayer is added to the Amidah and to Grace After Meals; the additional Musaf prayer is said (when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat, special additions are made to the Shabbat Musaf). Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

Many have the custom to mark Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal and reduced work activity. The latter custom is prevalent amongst women, who have a special affinity with Rosh Chodesh -- the month being the feminine aspect of the Jewish Calendar.

Links: The 29th DayThe Lunar Files

Daily Thought
Working With the Body

It used to be that the soul fought with the body, until one conquered the other by force.

Then the Baal Shem Tov came and taught a new path: The body, too, could come to appreciate those things the soul desires.

In the place of self-affliction and fasting, the Baal Shem Tov showed his students the way of meditation and joy. Every need of the body, he taught, could provide a channel to carry the soul high.

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Deu 6:4 “Hear, O Yisra’ěl: HaShem our Elohim, HaShem is one!

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 Discuss and learn the ways of HaShem His Mitzwoth and leave all Avodah Zarah and try to come to real unity under Yahweh Elohim. Please add to your daily Prayers:

‘May it be Your will, Adonai my Elohim and Elohim of my fathers, that in Your great kindness You will shine upon the holy souls of Yisra’el, who renew themselves as “birds” sing, praise and pray on behalf of all the holy people from Israel. Master of the world, gather and take in those sacred “birds”, the Lost Sheep from the House of Yisra’el to the holy place: Malkut HaShamayim, an Atoned and Restored 12 Tribes of Yisrael serving and worshiping HaShem alone 24/7 of which it is said: No eye has seen it, except You, O Elohim. May it be Your will, Adonai my Elohim and Elohim of my fathers, that we, Your servant Yisra’el, who recite/study Torah every day, that there may shine upon us all the holy “sparks” and all the holy lights which are contained in the holiness: Your Mitzwoth for Yisra’el, to understand and comprehend Your Torah, and in the fear of You, to do Your will Your Mitzwoth, all the days of our life’s—we and our children and our children’s children, from now and forever. Amen.’

’May it be Your will, Adonai my Elohim and Elohim of my fathers, that in Your kindness we may be cleaned and united through Your Mitzwoth. And by Your Mitzwoth may we, also, be restored East of the Jordan River, in the South of Lebanon and in the Sinai as a defensive shield, in friendship, in Love, as the independent united states of Yisra’el: Bet YIsra’el. Near the independent Jewish Yisra’el state: Yisra’el.

For the unification of Yehudah and Ephraim:

Isa 11:13 And the envy of Ephrayim shall turn aside, and the adversaries of Yehuḏah be cut off. Ephrayim shall not envy Yehuḏah, and Yehuḏah not trouble Ephrayim.

The unification of Messiah Ben Yoseph-David. Amen

Deu 6:4 “Hear, O Yisra’ěl: HaShem our Elohim, HaShem is one!”

Exo 15:2 “Yah is my strength and song, and He has become my deliverance. He is my Ěl, and I praise Him – Elohim of my father, and I exalt Him.

Isa 12:2 “See, Ěl is my deliverance, I trust and am not afraid. For Yah, HaShem, is my strength and my song; and He has become my deliverance.”*’

Please come and sign the Holy agreement: 

Isa 11:13  And the envy of Ephrayim shall turn aside, and the adversaries of Yehuḏah be cut off. Ephrayim shall not envy Yehuḏah, and Yehuḏah not trouble Ephrayim.

Between: My chief defense: Ephraim Independent Nation, Messiah Ben Yoseph and: the Jewish State of Israel, Messiah Ben David.


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