• General


    Mount Ephraim - International Prayer Congregation

    O Dear Lost Sheep from the House of Israel let we try to make a Holy Agreement? No matter what your religion (or none religion) is, with Love and respect for each other. But let the 'base' be the Divine Commands given to Moshe Rabbeinu nothing lessor or nothing more......

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    The goal is that we Jews and Ephraim may come to the ultimate ‘agreement’, a Holy, set apart by Adonai’s commandments agreement. As is foretold by the prophet YeshaYahu:

    When it shall happen: the disclosure of His Messiah - His Name,

    Isa 11:9-16  They do no evil nor destroy in all My set-apart mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of Yah, as the waters cover the sea.

    10  And it shall come to pass on that day, that the root of Jesse, that stands for an ensign of the peoples, unto him shall the nations seek; and his resting-place shall be glorious.

    11  And it shall come to pass in that day, that Yah will set His hand again the second time to recover the remnant of His people, that shall remain from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

    12  And He will set up an ensign for the nations, and will assemble the dispersed of Israel, and gather together the scattered of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

    13 And the envy of Ephrayim shall turn aside, and the adversaries of Yehuḏah be cut off. Ephrayim shall not envy Yehuḏah, and Yehuḏah not trouble Ephrayim.

    (Rashi: Ephraim shall not envy Judah: The Messiah, the son of David, and the Messiah, the son of Joseph, shall not envy each other. See: Yeshayahu - Chapter 11:13)

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    14  And they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines (The head of Amalek today PA, PLO, Hamas etc.) on the west; together shall they spoil the children of the east; they shall put forth their hand upon Edom (Western world today, Edom and Yishmael in unity) and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

    15  And Yah will utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea (Today: Edom and Yishmael in unity with Amalek their leader); and with His scorching wind will He shake His hand over the River, and will smite it into seven streams, and cause men to march over dry-shod.

    16  And there shall be a highway for the remnant of His people (the dispersed from Israel and Yehudah), that shall remain from Assyria, like as there was for Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

    My part of the Holy Agreement is that I mention daily your profile names in my personal Prayers and when I am on the Har HaBait near where once was and soon shall be again the Kodesh Kodeshim. From where HaShem shall speak again from between the Cherubim above the Atonement lid of the Ark of the Covenant all the words that the Benay Yisrael need to know: The revelation of Messiah Ben David......

    It is unfair and shameful how Facebook treated me. I strongly believe it is not safe for every Lost Triber to be on Facebook. It has nothing to do that I am losing my hope. But I start to realize we, the Benay Israel, must build in unification their own companies by raising their own affairs. And no more to be dependent on (other) powers like Facebook etc. Because in the end they ‘work’ you out. Please stop believing in them.


    The messenger here on https://watchmenfromisraelinjerusalem.com/ is not so good to work with for my live videos from the Har HaBait. It is very good to chat with each other in personal contacts.
    So please as soon you become a member of the https://watchmenfromisraelinjerusalem.com/ download the application ICQ New. Where I created the group ‘Har HaBait’. From now on I do ‘live chat from the Har HaBait’ via the Har HaBait group on ICQ New. Everyone who likes to Pray with me when I do the Chat from the HarBait should download the application 
    Download, install and search for 'Ariel van Kessel' ask to become a member of the group 'Har HaBait'. When you are a member of https://watchmenfromisraelinjerusalem.com/ I add you to the be a member of the 'Har HaBait' group. My profile name: Ariel van Kessel.
    Gaddi and I are the administrators of the group. Only members from https://watchmenfromisraelinjerusalem.com/ have the possibility to become a member for free. 

    My goal is that we organize together the greatest Prayer Congregation from Israel operating from the Har HaBait in Jerusalem Israel.

    Please help me with donations for the maintenance and further building of the 

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    Donate via Paypal to: [email protected]

     

    First need,
    Please for a good life chat, from the Har HaBait I am in need of a special microphone + headphone for my android that I wear under my mask and speak whispering my Prayers, message and translation from some Hebrew speakers. I cannot shout but you have to hear it well my whispering. Around 300 Dollar.

    Second need,
    A Speech to text translation device that I can attach on a ‘selfie stick’ together with my Android. Maybe two ‘sticks’ to bring the translation device close by for reading. So that I can read the english translation and use what I choose for my talking to you. Around 300 Dollar.

    Thirth need,

    $239.40 next payment to my webhost.

    Thanks to my first donations I could make a good start. To go further I am dependent on Donations. Please let we together help the Mount of Ephraim grow into the Independent United States of Israel.

    So that may come in fulfillment,
    Jer_31:6  “For there shall be a day when the watchmen cry on Mount Ephrayim (united states of Israel), ‘Arise, and let us go up to Tsiyon, to Adonai our Elohim.’ ”

    Praying and hoping together according,

    Zec 4:1-5 And the messenger who was speaking to me came back and woke me up as a man was awakened from sleep (Your dispersion to the end of the earth).

    2 And he said to me, “What do you see?” So I said, “I have looked, and seen: a lamp stands all of gold with a bowl on top of it, and on the stand seven lamps with seven spouts to the seven lamps.

    3 “And two olive trees (Yehudah and Ephraim) are by it, one at the right of the bowl and the other at its left.”

    4 Then I responded and spoke to the messenger who was speaking to me, saying, “What are these, my master?”

    5 And the messenger who was speaking to me answered and said to me, “Do you not know what these are?” And I said, “No, my master.”

    11 Then I responded and said to him, “What are these two olive trees, one at the right of the lampstand and the other at its left?”

    12 And I responded a second time and said to him, “What are these two olive branches which empty golden oil from themselves by means of the two gold pipes?”

    13 And he answered me and said, “Do you not know what these are?” And I said, “No, my master.”

    14 And he said, “These are the two anointed ones (Yehuadah and Ephraim), who stand beside the Master of all the earth.

    Yehudah and Ephraim standing near the Kodesh Kodeshim........ Two separate nations: Yehudah (Their National soul Messiah Ben David) and Ephraim (Their National Soul Messiah Ben Yoseph) coming to unity by 'oil from themselves' (independent from each other): The 'sparks' of Messiah there (in unity) 'National Soul'....... Messiah Ben David, HaShem speaking from between the Cherubim above the Atonement Lid of the Ark of the Covenant.

    Please don’t accept another messiah but accept only Messiah Ben Yoseph/David.

    By coming into the Holy Agreement:
    And the envy of Ephrayim shall turn aside, and the adversaries of Yehuḏah be cut off. Ephrayim shall not envy Yehuḏah, and Yehuḏah not trouble Ephrayim.

    (Rashi: Ephraim shall not envy Judah: The Messiah, the son of David, and the Messiah, the son of Joseph, shall not envy each other. See: Yeshayahu - Chapter 11:13)’

    The Jews (Yehudah) shall bring forth Messiah Ben David…..We, Yehudah and Ephraim, hearing again HaShem's Voice from between the Cherubim….. By the anointing of the King of the Jews: Messiah Ben David, the ‘ultimate’ expression of the national soul of Yehudah and Ephraim..
    The unification of Yehudah and Ephraim - The unification of Messiah Ben David/Yoseph.
    Messiah Ben David/Yoseph is the One who: Isa 63:9  In all their distress He was distressed, and the Messenger of His Presence saved them. In His love and in His compassion He redeemed them, and He lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. What is he base of the HaBerith HaChadasha:

    Jer 31:1-37  “At that time,” declares Adonai, “I shall be the Elohim of all the clans of Yisra’ěl, and they shall be My people.” 

    2  Thus said Adonai, “A people who escaped from the sword found favour in the wilderness, Yisra’ěl, when it went to find rest.” 

    3  Adonai appeared to me from afar, saying, “I have loved you with an everlasting love, therefore I shall draw you with loving-commitment. 

    4  “I am going to build you again. And you shall be rebuilt, O maiden of Yisra’ěl! Again you shall take up your tambourines, and go forth in the dances of those who rejoice. 

    5  “Again you shall plant vines on the mountains of Shomeron. The planters shall plant and treat them as common. 

    6  “For there shall be a day when the watchmen cry on Mount Ephrayim (The United States of Israel), ‘Arise, and let us go up to Tsiyon, to Adonai our Elohim.’ ” 

    7  For thus said Adonai, “Sing with gladness for Ya‛aqoḇ, and shout among the chief of the nations. Cry out, give praise, and say, ‘O Adonai, save Your people, the remnant of Yisra’ěl!’ 

    8  “See, I am bringing them from the land of the north, and shall gather them from the ends of the earth, among them the blind and the lame, those with child and those in labour, together – a great assembly returning here. 

    9  “With weeping they shall come, and with their prayers I bring them. I shall make them walk by rivers of waters, in a straight way in which they do not stumble. For I shall be a Father to Yisra’ěl, and Ephrayim – he is My first-born. 

    10  “Hear the word of Adonai, O nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, ‘He who scattered Yisra’ěl gathers him, and shall guard him as a shepherd his flock.’ 

    11  “For Adonai shall ransom Ya‛aqoḇ, and redeem him from the hand of one stronger than he. 

    12  “And they shall come in and shall sing on the height of Tsiyon, and stream to the goodness of Adonai, for grain and for new wine and for oil, and for the young of the flock and the herd. And their being shall be like a well-watered garden, and never languish again. 

    13  “Then shall a maiden rejoice in a dance, and young men and old, together. And I shall turn their mourning to joy, and shall comfort them, and shall make them rejoice from their sorrow, 

    14  and shall fill the being of the priests with fatness. And My people shall be satisfied with My goodness,” declares Adonai. 

    15  Thus said Adonai, “A voice was heard in Ramah, wailing, bitter weeping, Raḥěl weeping for her children, refusing to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.” 

    16  Thus said Adonai, “Hold back your voice from weeping, and your eyes from tears, for there is a reward for your work,” declares Adonai, “and they shall return from the land of the enemy. 

    17  “And there is expectancy for your latter end,” declares Adonai, “and your children shall return to their own country. 

    18  “I have clearly heard Ephrayim lamenting, ‘You have chastised me, and I was chastised, like an untrained calf. Turn me back, and I shall turn back, for You are Adonai my Elohim. 

    19  For after my turning back, I repented. And after I was instructed, I struck myself on the thigh. I was ashamed, even humiliated, for I bore the reproach of my youth.’ 

    20  “Is Ephrayim a precious son to Me, a child of delights? For though I spoke against him, I still remembered him. That is why My affections were deeply moved for him. I have great compassion for him,” declares Adonai. 

    21  “Set up signposts, make landmarks; set your heart toward the highway, the way in which you went. Turn back, O maiden of Yisra’ěl, turn back to these cities of yours! 

    22  “Till when would you turn here and there, O backsliding daughter? For Adonai has created what is new on earth: a woman encompasses a man!” 

    23  Thus said Adonai of hosts, the Elohim of Yisra’ěl, “Let them once again say this word in the land of Yehuḏah and in its cities, when I turn back their captivity, ‘Adonai bless you, O home of righteousness, mountain of set-apartness!’ 

    24  “And in Yehuḏah and all its cities farmers and those who journey with flocks, shall dwell together. 

    25  “For I shall fill the weary being, and I shall replenish every grieved being.” 

    26  At this I awoke and looked around, and my sleep was sweet to me. 

    27  “See, the days are coming,” declares Adonai, “that I shall sow the house of Yisra’ěl and the house of Yehuḏah with the seed of man and the seed of beast. 

    28  “And it shall be, that as I have watched over them to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict, so I shall watch over them to build and to plant,” declares Adonai. 

    29  “In those days they shall no longer say, ‘The fathers ate sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are blunted.’ 

    30  “But each one shall die for his own crookedness – whoever eats sour grapes, his teeth shall be blunted. 

    31  “See, the days are coming,” declares Adonai, “when I shall make a renewed covenant with the house of Yisra’ěl (Ephraim, the Lost Sheep from the House of Israel) and with the house of Yehuḏah (The Jews). 

    32  Not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I strengthened their hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” declares Adonai.

    33  “For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’ěl after those days, declares Adonai: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people. 

    34  “And no longer shall they teach, each one his neighbour, and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know Adonai,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares Adonai. “For I shall forgive their crookedness, and remember their sin no more.” 

    35  Thus said Adonai, who gives the sun for a light by day, and the laws of the moon and the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, and its waves roar – Adonai of hosts is His Name: 

    36  “If these laws vanish from before Me,” declares Adonai, “then the seed of Yisra’ěl shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” 

    37  Thus said Adonai, “If the heavens above could be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I would also cast off all the seed of Yisra’ěl for all that they have done,” declares Adonai.

    It doesn’t matter your ‘religious’ or ‘non-religious’ ‘background. Be what you are Christian, Muslim, Hindu or whatever but don’t change by taking off or adding to the Divine Laws ‘revealed’ to Moshe Rabbeinu the first five books of the Bible…… Let us do again all His Sabbath and Yom Tovim? But find a way to ‘use’ the laws of ‘your religion’ as a ‘halacha’ around the Divine Laws revealed to Moshe Rabbeinu. As is the ‘function’ of Jewish Halacha. Express Love in respect to every religion. By annihilating all the laws Avoda Zarah, robbery, murder, raping, murder the rape victim, homophily, pedofily etc. brought forth by following our Yetser Hara (evil inclination) and bringing fort her ‘head’ the ‘anointed’ king: Amalek, the ultimate expression of our evil inclination. But instead cultivating the sparks of Messiah our Yetser Tov (good inclination) into our National Soul. And accepting the areas West of the Jordan River as Jewish (Yehuda’s) Inheritance under Jewish (Yehuda’s) Sovereignty with only Jewish Halacha. Including the Har HaBait with a New Temple and her service under Jewish Halacha. Come and help the Jews to build and reinstitute: The Temple Service until Gen 49:10  “The sceptre shall not turn aside from Yehuḏah, nor an Inscriber from between his feet, until Shiloh (Messiah Ben David) comes, and to Him is the obedience of peoples…….. 

    Members can reach me via the https://watchmenfromisraelinjerusalem.com/ Messenger, located on the right side, under, on every web page Sun through Thursday from 9 AM (GMT +3) until noon 12 (GMT +3). By making an appointment. Write your suggested time? I answer so quickly as possible. It is free to become a member.

    Ariel Representative Bet Yisrael International

WHO ARE THE KUKIS?

WHO ARE THE KUKIS?

 

By Mark Haokip


Kukis are a people, a well-established nation, and rules by well set of traditional customary laws in an oral and written tradition since long before the British government had destroyed our sovereignty and the lively structures of our land. The Political theory of nation-state was dominantly played as the mother backbone of Kuki laws began from a village administrative channel. The sovereign, we called it Haosa is the Chief ruler of the Kuki village. He was elected from the eldest of the clan's or the family through genealogical lineage. And he has the power to nominate his cabinet or through election procedures served to it by the people just similar to a democratic form of government. However, the ruler, Haosa (Chief) candidature or term of functioning his power is customarily framed for his lifetime and he holds the portfolio until his death. After his death, his eldest son will rule in his instead. The very system still practices and existed till date.

We fought a long and fierce great war in defiance of our sovereign country since the 1760s till 1919. The great war we fought in the period of 1917-1919 was the final result and the end of our self-protection from the British intrusion. It was termed as 'Kuki War of Independence 1917-1919' by TS Gangte (1980). The Kukis offensive against the British which is recorded as Anglo-Kuki War 1917-1919 by Palit 1984, Kuki Rising by Shakespeare (1929) and Chhettri (2003) recorded the event as Kuki Rebellion 1917-1919. Kukis had started the offensive against the British government in defiance of our sovereign country since the 1760s when the British government initiated expansion of her rules in the hill country but failed to do so due to the defensive strike against them by the Kukis was greater than what the British had thought of.

In History of India (1930, pp 6-7, fifth revised edition), the author Majumdar and Bhattasali stated that Kukis existed in prehistory India and refer to the Kukis as the earliest people known to have lived in pre-historic India, preceding the “Dravidians” who now live in South, arrived in the Indian sub-continent around 1500 BC. In today, the geographical settlement of the Kuki people, as miraculously discovered is vastly spread across from Siberia and closely parading down to the south-west and southern parts of Asia continent. However, we claim none of them politically inserted to the fold of Kukis.

The Pooyas, the original script of the Meitei people of Manipur, which refer to ‘two Kuki Chiefs named Kuki Ahongba and Kuki Achouba were allies to Nongba Lairen Pakhangba, the first historically recorded king of the Meithis [Meiteis], in the latter’s mobilization for the throne in 33 AD.’ The statement of Prof. JN Phukan supports this record:

‘If we were to accept Ptolemy’s ‘Tiladae’ as the ‘Kuki’ people, as identified by Gerini, the settlement of the Kuki in North-east India would go back to a very long time in the past. As Prof. Gangumei Kamei thinks, ‘some Kuki Tribes migrated to Manipur hills in the pre-historic times along with or after the Meitei advent in the Manipur valley (History of Manipur, p24).’ This hypothesis will take us to the theory that the Kukis, for the matter, at least some of their tribes, had been living in North-east India since the pre-historic time, and therefore, their early home must be sought in the hills of Manipur and the nearby areas rather than in central China or Yang-tze valley.

In the second century (AD 90-168), Claudius Ptolemy, the geographer, identified the Kukis with Tiladai who are associated with Tilabharas and places them ‘to the north of Maiandros, that is about the Garo Hills and the Silhet’. Stevenson’s reference to Kuki in relation to Ptolemy’s geography also bears critical significance to its period existence. In the Rajmala or Annals of Tripura, Shiva is quoted to have fallen in love with a Kuki woman around AD 1512.

In researches on Ptolemy’s Geography of Eastern Asia (further India and Indo-Malay archipelago), published in the conjunction with the Royal Geographical Society, London, Gerini (1909, pp.744) wrote, ‘Kuki is one of the terms by which the Chin-Lushai tribes are collectively designated…’ Other nomenclatures of later origin, such as Chin and Mizo have emerged to identify the same people. It will be a matter of interest to the ethnologists that these identities are geographically determined. Chin is prevalent in Burma; because “Chin” is a divisive name, invented and given to the Kukis in Eastern Kuki Country, later became known as Upper and Western Burma, as specifically written down by Bertram S. Carey and H.N. Tuck in their book, “The Chin Hills” Vol. I, page 3. “Those of the Kuki tribes which we designate as ‘Chin’ do not recognize that name, which is said to be a Burmese corruption of the Chinese ‘Jin’ or ‘Yen’, meaning ‘man’.”

In this way, the area also had been named as Chin Hills in order to isolate the Eastern Kukis and their land from the Kuki Nation by direct implication of the British divide and rule policy. A common feature among each of the groups represented by the nomenclature is that they comprise of the same mix of clans and sub-clans. This important characteristic that represents a genealogical link amongst the people was identified by Sir Robert Reid, Governor of Assam from 1937 to 1942. Sir Robert Reid remarks in “The Lushai Hill” (1942, 1978, p. 4), ‘the people form mingling of clans, speaking so far as I know, dialects of the same language, who are known to us by various names- Kookies, Lushais, Pois, Shendus, Chin, etc.’

Kuki Rising Against British Imperialism (1777-1944)

Throughout history, the Kuki chiefs have been tenacious about preserving their ancestral land. They rose against the British imperialists from the time the latter set foot in Kuki Country. Kuki resistance against British incursion, which began in the eighteen-century, spans nearly two hundred years. It is not worth that in all that time the chiefs never relinquished their territory to the British. Till today, for example, within India, Burma, and Bangladesh Kuki Territory, though divided, remains in the name of the chiefs, not the governments.

The earliest Kuki offensive against the British colonialists dates back to 1777, at the time Lord Warren Hastings was Governor General of India. As Mackenzie (1884 (2005, p271)) notes, this first incident on record was impelled by the colonialists’ annexation of Hill Tipperah (Tripura) in 1761, whereupon Kukis went on the offensive against the invaders.

In reference to the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the ‘Great Kuki Invasion of the 1860s’, which Elly (1893) (1978, p8)) describes, was a culmination of previous ‘raids’ beginning from 1845 to 1851. In Sir Robert Reid's (Ibid p5) words, ‘the Great Kooki Rising of 1849 and 1850...certainly was the great series of raids in 1860-61.’ In Mackenzie’s (Ibid p.342) account, ‘Early in 1860, reports were received, a Chittagong, of the assembling of a body of 400 or 500 Kookies at the head of the River Fenny...the Kookies, after sweeping down the course of the Fenny, burst into the plains of Tipperah at Chagulneyah, burnt or plundered 15 villages, butchered 185 British subjects, and carried off about 100 captives.’ In retaliation, Lalminthanga (1997, p21) observes that in January 1861 a military force was sent to punish the offending Chief Rothangpuia at his village near Demagiri [Tlabung] in southwest Mizoram.

‘Lushai Chrysalis’ by Major A.G.McCall reads at para 2 on page 64 as under:

“Mr Davis’ apprehensions as regards that great and strong-minded ruler, Kairuma Sailo, proved only too true in 1895 when he declined to meet a demand for porterage or to pay a fine in default. Forces from Burma and Aijal(Aizawl) synchronized their movements in rather a spectacular way by descending upon Kairuma’s country on the very same day. As the original fine had been enhanced and since remained unpaid, Kairuma’s village was burned and many Mithun, i.e., hill cattle, were seized. Kairuma Sailo wisely capitulated, guns were surrendered, and all fines paid. This marked the last gesture of resistance to British rule.”

The British military expeditions of the Kuki country in 1889-90 was not a mere punitive measure as stated by foreign writers but decisive expeditions which led to an occupation of the whole Kuki country by the British from 1890 till 1947. Chin Hills, till 1948 when Burma achieved her independence, [(2010), Hawla Sailo, “Golden History of Lushai Hills”, p87)].
Two World Wars

To preserve their territorial integrity, Kuki chiefs continued to fight against the British and their allies through the second half of the twentieth century. WWI marked a culmination of Kuki risings that commenced in the 1700s. A historic offensive against the British was launched on 7 March 1917. This event, which lasted three consecutive years, is recorded as ‘Kuki Rising, 1917-1919’ in the archives of Oriental and India Office Collection in London, Gangte (1980, p12, 18), who terms the event ‘Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1919’, observes that the Chassad and Ukha Haokips rose to fight for the protection of their land from being annexed by the alien power.’ Col. Shakespeare (1929, 1977), Gen. Palit (1984) and Guardian of the North East (2003, pp19-20) refer to the same event as ‘Kuki Rebellion, 1917-1919’. A notable feature of this particular Kuki Rising is a relatively minor ethnic group withstood the British imperialist power continuously for three years. Sir Robert Reid (Ibid p79) remarked that it was the most serious event in the history of Manipur. A glimpse of the event’s magnitude is also apparent in an extract from the Proceedings of the Chief Commissioner of Assam in the Political Department (27 September 1920):

“The ‘Kuki Rising, 1917-1919’, which is the most formidable with which Assam has been faced for at least a generation...the rebel villages held nearly 40, 000 men, women and children interspersed...over some 6, 000 square miles of rugged hills surrounding the Manipur valley and extending to the Somra Tract and the Thaungdut State in Burma.”

The exasperation caused to the British by the Kukis during this period is evident in the comments of Sir HDU Kerry, General Officer Commanding Burma Division (Despatch On the Operation Against the Kuki Tribes of Assam and Burma, November 1917 to March 1919): “I, therefore, decided to put an end to the Kuki revolt by force of arms, break the Kuki spirit, disarm the Kukis, exact reparation and pave the way for an effective administration of their country.”

The following military awards were given to the British officers and soldiers after the war (Guardians of the North East, p20): 1 CIE, 1 OBE, 14 IDSMs, 1 King’s Police Medal, innumerable Mentions-in-Despatches and Jangi Inams. A Minute Paper of the Secret Political Department, Government of Burma, Rangoon (23 December 1919) states that ’23 principals involved, 13 in Manipur under Assam, 10 in the Somra Tract under Burma’ took part in the Kuki Rising. PS Haokip, in “Zale’n-gam: The Kuki Nation (1998, pp166-167) mentions that the twenty-three ‘principals’ were Kuki chiefs, who initially were imprisoned at Sadiya Jail and later transferred far away from their country to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The Kuki rising reached its closure in 1919. Inevitably, the prolonged war profoundly affected the day-to-day lives of the predominantly agrarian people. The seasonal cultivation of paddy and maize, a staple diet of the Kukis, was severely disrupted. The men could not hunt for wild animals, nor could the womenfolk collect food items, such as fruits and vegetables from the jungles. All of these normal activities became dangerous to pursue. As a result, there was a scarcity of provisions, which also made it difficult to maintain regular supplies to the warriors engaged in war. Support from the neighbouring communities in the hills, who normally paid tax and tributes to the Kuki chiefs, was no longer forthcoming-these neighbour took advantage of the existing situation and assisted the enemy instead.

Under these circumstances, the noble chiefs decided to cease fighting so that the hardship faced by the people may be somewhat mitigated. And so, they honourably gave in to the British authorities but not surrendered their land and the Kuki government, and fully served out the terms of imprisonment. In this manner, as Lt. Col. RS Chhetri (Guardians of the North East, p19) remarked, ‘an Assam Rifles Brigade under Col LW Shakespear, the newly appointed Deputy Inspector General, set out with a strength on 2, 600 men assisted by a contingent of Burma Military Police numbering 400’ to confront the Kukis, came to a conclusion. However, it is to be noted that the Kukis became an ally to the ‘German Government’ in the first World War.

‘The first World War started in Europe in 1914 – at the time, both India and Burma were under the occupation the British. Two senior Kuki leaders of Kukiland, namely, Pu Chengjapao Doungel, (Kuki King), Chief of Aisan and Pu Lhukhomang Haokip alias Pache, Chief of Chassad (who was also chief of Haokips) decided to look for allies. They established contact with the Bengali people, who were in touch with the Germans. Through the Bengalis, the Kuki leaders sent emissaries to the Germans. An agreement was reached between the Kukis and the Germans: the Germans would supply arms and ammunition to aid the Kukis in their war of independence. Photographs were exchanged during the secret meetings. Following the secret agreement with the Germans, Pu Chengjapao Doungel and Pu Pache met at Aisan, in the first week of March 1917. The two leaders decided to start formal preparation for the war, and a meeting was held, (PS Haokip, Zale’n-gam, the Kuki Nation, p146).’

The British Crown policy of expanding her Colonialism into Kukiland was politically and technically failed. Because it was planned outside the equilibrium of the existing Kuki Political philosophy. However, we were economically and socially deteriorated due to the defensive war we fought against them. Therefore, we had no time and space to rebuild our rights to self-determination in our land. During this economical collapsed, the WWII arose and it took us down again to the bottom. In the midst of this transition periods, the League of Nation, a world forum was formed in against the British colonialism policy. Later, it was changed into the United Nation Organisation (UNO).

Thus, the United Nation had framed the Charter of Agreement to abolished the colonialism policy and set away clearly to claim the rights to self-determination for a people like Kukis under “Declaration of Independence to Colonial Countries, 14th December 1960, Resolution number 1514(XV). Under the United Nation, the fruits of freedom were earned by the vast majority population of the world. However, it was ill-starred that Kukiland is still put under the three countries, viz, India, Myanmar, and Bangladesh by the British in retribution for their shameful defeated fights avenged from the Kuki people. Hence, we are still keeping under the political siege in a form of Neo-colonialism policy dominantly played by these trilateral countries. We are politically suppressed till today and we are also politically harrassed more than two-hundred years. This means our fundamental rights are totally denied and trample.

Are we the people who do not have the rights to enjoy our freedom in this world? Is this not the aggression and destruction of our birthrights, if we deem fit to enjoy the universal declaration of human rights declared by the United Nation then should it be good for us to remain this way as the same? We don’t think your conscience could accept it anyway.

The historical significances of Kukiland and our generic identity ‘Kuki’ are also at stake today. Under these perilous Neo-colonialism policies overlaid on us by the three of them, and have always made attempts to derogate or abolish Kuki History and political identity from our very own soil. Is this not a treasons to the face of the world? The violation of our rights in this way is unacceptable in the eyes of the laws.

The government of India has extensively played bargaining policy since long time ago in a form of experimenting their political efforts to create a Pan-Naga Council under the settlement policy of NSCN IM’s Framework Agreement signed on August 3, 2015 to overtook Kukiland and posing threats to invalidating Kuki historical rights and references within the ambits of India-occupied Kukiland/ Northeast India. It is, in fact, to be a full-scale political disaster to abolish Kuki historical records and motherland in a purview of humanitarian grounds. Therefore, we determined and publicly affirmed in demanding the declaration of our Independence to enjoy our own laws, self-determination and independent autonomy as we had enjoyed in the pre-colonial period. So that a knowledgeable development of Christianity shall have room securely in the region.

Kuki ancestral sovereign land was historically and linguistically demarcated by Dr.George Abraham Gierson,ICS, Superintendent of Linguistic Survey of India since 1904 under the special authorization Queen Elizabeth-ll is specified as below:

KUKI COUNTRY

Kuki Country (Grierson, GA (1904) Linguistic Survey of India, Vol 111, Part 111). The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1962, vol xiii, 511) records, ‘Kuki, a name given to a group of tribes inhabiting both sides of the mountains dividing Assam and Bengal from Burma, south of the Namtaleik River.’ Grierson (1904) marks out:

The territory inhabited by the Kuki tribes extends from the Naga Hills in the north down into the Sandoway District of Burma in the south; from Myittha River in the east, almost to the Bay of Bengal in the west. It is almost entirely filled up by hills and mountain ridges, separated by deep valleys. A great chain of mountains suddenly rises from the plains of Eastern Bengal, about 220 miles north of Calcutta, and stretches eastward in a broadening mass of spurs and ridges, called successively the Garo, Khasia, and Naga Hills. The elevation of the highest point increases towards the east, from about 3,000 feet in the Garo Hills to 8,000 and 9,000 in the region of Manipur. This chain merges, in the east, into the spurs, which the Himalayas shoot out from the north of Assam towards the south. From here a great mass of mountain ridges starts southwards, enclosing the alluvial valley of Manipur, and thence spreads out westwards to the south of Sylhet. It then runs almost due north and south, with cross-ridges of smaller elevation, through the districts known as the Chin Hills, the Lushai Hills, Hill Tipperah, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Farther south the mountainous region continues, through the Arakan Hill Tracts, and the Arakan Yoma, until it finally sinks into the sea at Cape Negrais, the total length of the range being some seven hundred miles. The greatest elevation is found to the north of Manipur. Thence it gradually diminishes towards the south. Where the ridge enters the north of Arakan it again rises, with summit upwards of 8,000 feet high, and here a mass of spurs is thrown off in all directions. Towards the south the western off-shoots diminish in length, leaving a track of alluvial land between them and the sea, while in the north the eastern off-shoots of the Arakan Yoma run down to the banks of the Irrawaddy. This vast mountainous region, from the Jaintia and Naga Hills in the north, is the home of the Kuki tribes. We find them, besides, in the valley of Manipur, and, in small settlements, in the Cachar Plains and Sylhet.